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Science 

 

The good thing about science is that it's true whether or not you believe in it.
--Neil deGrasse Tyson

Contact

Head of Science: Dr. M Reid - reidm@harpergreen.net    

Subject overview

 

To study biology, chemistry and physics is to study the origin and shape of life itself. At Harper Green School, we are passionate about discovery, and we work hard to ignite the same scientific fervour in all of our learners.

We have worked hard to create a thoughtful and challenging curriculum in Science, which means our students are both well-equipped and highly motivated to tackle further study.

Career choices for scientists are as wide-ranging and exciting as the subject itself, and Harper Green's scientific alumni have gone on to enjoy successful careers in a range of settings, including medicine, ecology, dentistry and zoology.

You can find more information on our curriculum by exploring the links below.

 Key Stage 3 Science overview

  We follow the National Curriculum for Science at Key Stage 3. 

Biology, chemistry and physics are taught within a combined science course in Year 7. Students will build upon their Key Stage 2 biology education by learning more about the minutiae of living systems, human health and disease, and reproduction.

They will build upon their existing knowledge of chemistry by learning more about the basics of chemistry in a laboratory setting.

After an initial introduction to a laboratory, lab safety and how to use a Bunsen burner, students will be introduced to the very basics of chemistry, starting with the idea of particles and the atom. We then move on to thinking about the classification of elements as metals and non-metals, and investigating chemical reactions and reactivity.

They learn how to describe chemical reactions in a scientific way, and to evaluate their own thinking.

Students' understanding of the laws of physics are embedded throughout their KS3 study. The effects of forces are further explored with the role of forces in terminal velocities investigated.

A blend of explicit teaching of powerful knowledge, and application of research, experimentation and critical thinking allows students to become increasingly competent scientists.

They learn how to describe their observations of the world around them in a scientific way, and to evaluate their own thinking.

Year 7

 

Half Term 1

Half Term 2

Half Term 3

  • Practical Licence
  • Cells and movement of substances
  • Particles
  • Contact forces and pressure
  • Acids and alkalis
  • Reproduction

Skills and Knowledge:

 

Practical Licence:

  • Hazards
  • Equipment
  • Bunsen burner

 

Cells:

  • Plant and animal cells
  • Maths
  • Intro to microscopy
  • Using microscopes
  • Microscope magnification
  • Specialised cells
  • Unicellular organisms
  • Levels of organisation
  • Diffusion
  • Osmosis
  • Active transport

 

Skills and Knowledge:

 

Particles:

  • States of matter
  • Particle model
  • Freezing and melting
  • Boiling and bar charts
  • Diffusion
  • Gases

 

Contact forces:

  • Forces
  • Maths
  • Balanced and unbalanced
  • Air resistance and friction
  • Friction Investigation
  • Turning forces 
  • Momentum
  • Pressure on solids
  • Pressure in liquids
  • Pressure in gases

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Acids and alkalis:
  • Chemical reactions
  • Acids and alkalis
  • Indicators and pH
  • Maths: bar charts
  • Acid strength
  • Neutralisation
  • Making salts

 

  • Reproduction:
  • Reproduction
  • Adolescence and puberty
  • Reproductive systems
  • The menstrual cycle
  • Fertilisation
  • Pregnancy

Assessment:

Because the sciences are such knowledge-dense subjects, it is imperative that we build in frequent assessment opportunities.  These not only enable teachers to pause and re-teach if misconceptions or knowledge gaps are evident, but also help students become excellent scholars who benefit from the "wash-back" effect of regularly revisiting previously taught content. 

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter
  • September: retrieval quiz 
  • October: end of unit test

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter 
  • Early November: end of unit test
  • Mid-November: retrieval quiz
  • Late November: end of unit test

Assessment:

  • Full examination in January 2022 - Students will be assessed on the topics studied during Term 1.
  • "Five a day" lesson starter

 

 

Half Term 4 Half Term 5 Half Term 6

Separating mixtures

Microbes and disease

The universe

Skills and Knowledge:

  • Pure substances and mixtures
  • Solubility
  • Solubility investigation
  • Filtration
  • Distillation
  • Chromatography
  • Magnets
  • Pure water
  • Potable water

Skills and Knowledge:

  • Bacteria
  • Viruses
  • Physical defences
  • Chemical defences
  • History of vaccination
  • Vaccinations
  • Antiobiotics
  • Drug trials

 Skills and Knowledge:

  • Night sky
  • Stars
  • Lifecycles of a star
  • Solar system
  • Earth
  • Moon
  • Satellites
  • Make a solar system

Assessment:

Because the sciences are such knowledge-dense subjects, it is imperative that we build in frequent assessment opportunities.  These not only enable teachers to pause and re-teach if misconceptions or knowledge gaps are evident, but also help students become excellent scholars who benefit from the "wash-back" effect of regularly revisiting previously taught content. 

Assessment

  • "Five a day" lesson starter

Assessment

  • "Five a day" lesson starter

 

Assessment

  • "Five a day" lesson starter
  • Examination in June 2022 - Students will be assessed on all content taught across Year 7.

 

Year 8 

 

Half Term 1

Half Term 2

Half Term 3

  • The periodic table
  • Photosynthesis
  • Speed and gravity
  • Metals & non-metals

Light and sound

Skills and Knowledge:

 

The periodic table

  • Atoms
  • Elements
  • Compounds and mixtures
  •  History of the periodic table
  • Modern periodic table
  • Transition metals
  • Group 1 - the alkali metals
  • Group 7 - the displacement group

 

Photosynthesis

  • Plant structure
  • Roots
  • The leaf
  • Transport in plants
  • Photosynthesis
  • Photosynthesis practical

Skills and Knowledge:

 

Speed and gravity

  • Scale and vector
  • Speed
  • Distance/time graph
  • Acceleration 
  • Velocity/time graphs
  • Gravity
  • Mass/weight
  • Stopping distance

 

Metals & non-metals

  • Metals and non-metals
  • Chemical reactions of metals
  • Metals and acids
  • Metal reactivity
  • Reactivity series
  • Reactivity series practicals

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Introduction to light
  • Reflectors and absorbers
  • Reflection
  • How does the eye work?
  • Refraction
  • Colours and light
  • Introduction to sound
  • How does the ear work?

Assessment:

Because the sciences are such knowledge-dense subjects, it is imperative that we build in frequent assessment opportunities.  These not only enable teachers to pause and re-teach if misconceptions or knowledge gaps are evident, but also help students become excellent scholars who benefit from the "wash-back" effect of regularly revisiting previously taught content. 

Assessment

  • "Five a day" lesson starter
  • September: end of unit test
  • September: retrieval quiz 

Assessment

  • "Five a day" lesson starter 
  • Mid-November:  end of unit test
  • Late November: retrieval quiz
  • Early December: end of unit test

Assessment:

  • Full examination in January 2022 - Students will be assessed on the topics studied during Term 1.
  • "Five a day" lesson starter

 

Half Term 4 Half Term 5 Half Term 6

Digestion

The Earth’s structure

Interdependence and ecosystems

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Nutrients
  • Energy in Food
  • Food tests
  • Digestive system
  • Enzymes and bacteria
  • Unhealthy diet

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Structure of the Earth
  • Sedimentary rocks
  • Igneous and metamorphic rocks
  • Weathering
  • Rock cycle

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Food chains
  • Food webs
  • Graph skills
  • Competition
  • Ecosystems
  • Biodiversity
  • Threats to biodiversity
  • Sampling techniques

Assessment:

Because the sciences are such knowledge-dense subjects, it is imperative that we build in frequent assessment opportunities.  These not only enable teachers to pause and re-teach if misconceptions or knowledge gaps are evident, but also help students become excellent scholars who benefit from the "wash-back" effect of regularly revisiting previously taught content. 

Assessment

  • "Five a day" lesson starter

 

Assessment

  • "Five a day" lesson starter

 

 

 

Assessment

  • "Five a day" lesson starter
  • Examination in June 2022 - Students will be assessed on all content taught across Year 8. 

 

Year 9

 

Half Term 1

Half Term 2

Half Term 3

Current

Evolution, Inheritance and Variation
  • Heating & cooling
  • Chemical energy and reaction types

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Conductors and insulators
  • Modelling circuits
  • Series circuits
  • Parallel circuits
  • Calculating resistance
  • Resistance of a wire investigation
  • Static incl. van de Graaf

 

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Variation
  • Sexual and asexual reproduction
  • Inheritance
  • DNA extraction practical
  • DNA discovery
  • Genetics and Mendel
  • Genetic modification
  • Evolution and natural selection
  • Darwin
  • Extinction
  • Classification

Skills and Knowledge:

 

Heating & cooling

  • Heat vs temperatures
  • Conduction
  • Convection
  • Radiation
  • Insulation practical
  • Insulation in the home

 

Chemical energy and reaction types

 

  • Atoms in reactions
  • Calculating change
  • Conservation of mass
  • Combustion and thermal decomposition
  • Exothermic and endothermic
  • Energy level diagrams
  • Bond energy

Assessment:

Because the sciences are such knowledge-dense subjects, it is imperative that we build in frequent assessment opportunities.  These not only enable teachers to pause and re-teach if misconceptions or knowledge gaps are evident, but also help students become excellent scholars who benefit from the "wash-back" effect of regularly revisiting previously taught content. 

Assessment 

  • "Five a day" lesson starter
  • September: retrieval quiz 
  • September: end of unit test

Assessment

  • "Five a day" lesson starter 
  • Mid-November: retrieval quiz
  • Late November: end of unit test

Assessment

  • Full examination in January 2022 - Students will be assessed on the topics studied during Term 1.
  • "Five a day" lesson starter
Half Term 4 Half Term 5 Half Term 6
  • Chemical energy  and reaction types continued
  • Waves
Respiration, Respiratory system, circulatory system
  • Magnetism
  • Climate and Earth's resources

Skills and Knowledge:

 

Chemical energy and reaction types

  • Atoms in reactions
  • Calculating change
  • Conservation of mass
  • Combustion and thermal decomposition
  • Exothermic and endothermic
  • Energy level diagrams
  • Bond energy

 

Waves

  •  Parts of a wave
  • Modelling waves
  • Wave equations
  • Transverse waves
  • Longitudinal waves
  • Frequency and amplitude
  • Electromagnetic spectrum

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Breathing system
  • Modelling the respiratory system
  • Adaptations of the lungs
  • Aerobic respiration
  • Anaerobic respiration
  • Anaerobic respiration
  • Fermentation
  • The heart
  • The blood
  • The blood vessels
  • Response to exercise

 Skills and Knowledge:

 

 Magnetism

  • Magnetic fields
  • Earth and magnets
  • Permanent magnets
  • Electromagnets
  • Making electromagnets
  • Investigating electromagnets
  • Graphs: maths skills

 

Climate and Earth's resources

  • Evolution of the atmosphere
  • Pollution
  • Global warming
  • The carbon cycle
  • Climate change

Assessment:

Because the sciences are such knowledge-dense subjects, it is imperative that we build in frequent assessment opportunities.  These not only enable teachers to pause and re-teach if misconceptions or knowledge gaps are evident, but also help students become excellent scholars who benefit from the "wash-back" effect of regularly revisiting previously taught content. 

Assessment

  • "Five a day" lesson starter

Assessment

  • "Five a day" lesson starter

Assessment

  • "Five a day" lesson starter
  • Examination in June 2022 - Students will be assessed on all content taught across Year 9.

 

 Key Stage 4 Science overview

 

All students will study science throughout their time at Harper Green School. At Key Stage 4, students will have the choice to deepen their study by choosing a Separate Sciences option. This option allows students to study biology, chemistry and physics as distinct subjects, thus deepening scientific knowledge, preparing learners for more advanced post-16 scientific study.

For students who do not wish to study the sciences as separate disciplines at GCSE, we offer a combined science course, which all other students will follow.

We follow the AQA specifications for both the combined science course, and the separate sciences.

 

Combined Science

Please look at the AQA specification for more information about the GCSE COMBINED SCIENCE: TRILOGY course content

Year 10

 

Half Term 1

Half Term 2

Half Term 3

  • Cell biology
  •  Atomic structure and the periodic table
  • Energy
  • Cell Organisation
  • Bonding, structure, and the properties of matter
  •  Electricity
  •  Infection and response

Skills and Knowledge:

 

Cell biology

  • Cell structure
  • Eukaryotes and prokaryotes
  • Animal and plant cells
  • Cell specialisation
  • Cell differentiation
  • Microscopy
  • Cell division
  • Chromosomes
  • Mitosis and the cell cycle
  • Stem cells
  • Transport in cells
  • Diffusion
  • Osmosis
  • Active transport

 

Atomic structure and the periodic table

  • A simple model of the atom, symbols, relative atomic mass, electronic charge and isotopes
  • Atoms, elements and compounds
  • Mixtures
  • The development of the model of the atom 
  • Relative electrical charges of subatomic particles
  • Size and mass of atoms
  • Relative atomic mass
  • Electronic structure
  • The periodic table
  • Development of the periodic table
  • Metals and non-metals
  • Group 0, 1 and 7

 

Energy

  • Energy stores and systems
  • Changes in energy
  • Energy changes in systems
  • Power
  • Conservation and dissipation of energy
  • Energy transfers in a system
  • Efficiency
  • National and global energy resources

Skills and Knowledge:

 

Cell Organisation

  • Principles of organisation
  • Animal tissues, organs and organ systems
  • The human digestive system
  • The heart and blood vessels
  • Blood
  • Coronary heart disease: a non-communicable disease
  • Health issues
  • The effect of lifestyle on some non-communicable diseases
  • Cancer
  • Plant tissues, organs and systems
  • Plant tissues
  • Plant organ system

 

Bonding, structure, and the properties of matter

  • Chemical bonds
  • Ionic bonding
  • Ionic compounds
  • Covalent bonding
  • Metallic bonding
  • How bonding and structure are related to the properties of substances
  • The three states of matter
  • State symbols
  • Properties of ionic compounds
  • Properties of small molecules
  • Polymers
  • Giant covalent structures
  • Properties of metals and alloys
  • Metals as conductors
  • Structure and bonding of carbon
  • Diamond
  • Graphite
  • Graphene and fullerenes

Skills and Knowledge:

 

 Electricity

  • Current, potential difference and resistance
  • Standard circuit diagram symbols
  • Electrical charge and current
  • Current, resistance and potential difference
  • Resistors
  • Series and parallel circuits
  • Domestic uses and safety
  • Direct and alternating potential difference
  • Mains electricity
  • Energy transfers
  • Power
  • Energy transfers in everyday appliances
  • The National Grid

 

 Infection and response

  • Communicable diseases
  • Communicable (infectious) diseases
  • Viral diseases
  • Bacterial diseases
  • Fungal diseases
  • Protist diseases
  • Human defence systems
  • Vaccination
  • Antibiotics and painkillers
  • Discovery and development of drugs

 

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter
  • September: retrieval quiz 
  • Late September: end of unit test
  • Early October: end of unit test
  • Late October: end of unit test

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter 
  • Early November: retrieval quiz
  • Mid-November: end of unit test
  • Early December: end of unit test

Assessment:

  • Full examination in January 2022 - Students will be assessed on the topics studied during Term 1.
  • "Five a day" lesson starter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Half Term 4

Half Term 5

Half Term 6

  • Quantitative chemistry
  • Particle model of matter
  • Bioenergetics
  • Chemical changes
  • Atomic structure
  • Homeostasis and response
  • Energy changes

Skills and Knowledge:

 

Quantitative chemistry

  • Conservation of mass and balanced chemical equations
  • Relative formula mass
  • Mass changes when a reactant or product is a gas
  • Chemical measurements
  • Use of amount of substance in relation to masses of pure substances
  • Moles (Higher Tier only)
  • Amounts of substances in equations (Higher Tier only)
  • Using moles to balance equations (Higher Tier only)
  • Limiting reactants (Higher Tier only)
  • Concentration of solutions

 

Particle model of matter

  • Changes of state and the particle model
  • Density of materials
  • Internal energy and energy transfers
  • Internal energy
  • Temperature changes in a system and specific heat capacity
  • Changes of state and specific latent heat
  • Particle model and pressure
  • Particle motion in gases

 

Bioenergetics

  • Photosynthetic reaction
  • Rate of photosynthesis
  • Respiration
  • Aerobic and anaerobic respiration
  • Response to exercise
  • Metabolism

Skills and Knowledge:

 

Chemical changes

  • Reactivity of metals
  • Metal oxides
  • The reactivity series
  • Extraction of metals and reduction
  • Oxidation and reduction in terms of electrons (Higher Tier only)
  • Reactions of acids with metals
  • Neutralisation of acids and salt production
  • Soluble salts
  • The pH scale and neutralisation
  • Strong and weak acids (Higher Tier only)
  • The process of electrolysis
  • Electrolysis of molten ionic compounds
  • Using electrolysis to extract metals
  • Electrolysis of aqueous solutions
  • Representation of reactions at electrodes as half equations (Higher Tier only)

 

Atomic structure

  • Atoms and isotopes
  • The structure of an atom
  • Mass number, atomic number and isotopes
  • The development of the model of the atom
  • Atoms and nuclear radiation
  • Radioactive decay and nuclear radiation
  • Nuclear equations
  • Half-lives and the random nature of radioactive decay
  • Radioactive contamination

Skills and Knowledge:

 

Homeostasis and response

  • Homeostasis
  • The human nervous system
  • Hormonal coordination in humans
  • Human endocrine system
  • Control of blood glucose concentration
  • Hormones in human reproduction
  • Contraception
  • The use of hormones to treat infertility (Higher Tier only)
  • Feedback systems (Higher Tier only)

 

Energy changes

  • Exothermic and endothermic reactions
  • Energy transfer during exothermic and endothermic reactions
  • Reaction profiles
  • The energy change of reactions (Higher Tier only)

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter
  • Retrieval quizzes throughout the term
  • End of unit tests when appropriate (timings to be confirmed)

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter 
  • Retrieval quizzes throughout the term
  • End of unit tests when appropriate (timings to be confirmed)

Assessment:

  • Full examination in June 2022 - Students will be assessed on the topics studied during the year.
  • "Five a day" lesson starter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Year 11

 

Half Term 1

Half Term 2

Half Term 3

  • Forces
  • Inheritance, variation and evolution
  • The rate and extent of chemical change
  • Waves
  • Ecology
  • Organic chemistry
  • Magnetism and electromagnetism

Skills and Knowledge:

 

Forces

  • Forces and their interactions
  • Scalar and vector quantities
  • Contact and non-contact forces
  • Gravity
  • Resultant forces
  • Work done and energy transfer
  • Forces and elasticity
  • Forces and motion
  • Describing motion along a line
  • Distance and displacement
  • Speed
  • Velocity
  • The distance–time relationship
  • Acceleration
  • Forces, accelerations and Newton's Laws of motion
  • Newton's First Law
  • Newton's Second Law
  • Newton's Third Law
  • Forces and braking
  • Stopping distance
  • Reaction time
  • Factors affecting braking distance 
  • Momentum (Higher Tier only)
  • Momentum is a property of moving objects
  • Conservation of momentum

 

Inheritance, variation and evolution

  • Reproduction
  • Sexual and asexual reproduction
  • Meiosis
  • DNA and the genome
  • Genetic inheritance
  • Inherited disorders
  • Sex determination
  • Variation
  • Evolution
  • Selective breeding
  • Genetic engineering
  • The development of understanding of genetics and evolution
  • Evidence for evolution
  • Fossils
  • Extinction
  • Resistant bacteria
  • Classification of living organisms

 

 

Skills and Knowledge:

 

The rate and extent of chemical change

  • Calculating rates of reactions

  • Factors which affect the rates of chemical reactions

  • Collision theory and activation energy

  • Catalysts

  • Reversible reactions

  • Energy changes and reversible reactions

  • Equilibrium

  • The effect of changing conditions on equilibrium (Higher Tier only)

  • The effect of changing concentration (Higher Tier only)

  • The effect of temperature changes on equilibrium (Higher Tier only)

  • The effect of pressure changes on equilibrium (Higher Tier only)

 

Waves

  • Waves in air, fluids and solids
  • Transverse and longitudinal wave
  • Properties of waves
  • Electromagnetic waves
  • Types of electromagnetic waves
  • Properties of electromagnetic waves
  • Uses and applications of electromagnetic waves

Skills and Knowledge:

 

Ecology

  • Adaptations, interdependence and competition
  • Communities
  • Abiotic factors
  • Biotic factors
  • Adaptations
  • Organisation of an ecosystem
  • Levels of organisation
  • How materials are cycled
  • Biodiversity and the effect of human interaction on ecosystems
  • Biodiversity
  • Waste management
  • Land use
  • Deforestation
  • Global warming
  • Maintaining biodiversity

 

Organic chemistry

  • Carbon compounds as fuels and feedstock
  • Crude oil, hydrocarbons and alkanes
  • Fractional distillation and petrochemicals
  • Properties of hydrocarbons
  • Cracking and alkenes

 

Magnetism and electromagnetism

 

  • Permanent and induced magnetism, magnetic forces and fields
  • Poles of a magnet
  • Magnetic fields
  • The motor effect
  • Electromagnetism
  • Fleming's left-hand rule (Higher Tier only)
  • Electric motors (Higher Tier only)

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter
  • Mid-September: retrieval quiz 
  • Late September: end of unit test
  • Late October: end of unit test

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter 
  • Early November: retrieval quiz
  • Mid-November: end of unit test
  • Early December: end of unit test
  • Late November/early December - full examination

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter
  • Retrieval quizzes throughout the term

 

Half Term 4

Half Term 5 and 6


No new content will be taught at this point in the course. Instead, class teachers will adapt taught revision to respond to the individual needs of learners. Students will sit their GCSE examinations during this term.


 

 

  •  Chemical analysis
  • Chemistry of the atmosphere
  • Using resources

Skills and Knowledge:

 

Chemical analysis

  • Purity, formulations and chromatography
  • Pure substances
  • Formulations
  • Chromatography
  • Identification of common gases
  • Test for hydrogen
  • Test for oxygen
  • Test for carbon dioxide
  • Test for chlorine

 

Chemistry of the atmosphere

  • The composition and evolution of the Earth's atmosphere
  • The proportions of different gases in the atmosphere
  • The Earth's early atmosphere
  • How oxygen increased
  • How carbon dioxide decreased
  • Carbon dioxide and methane as greenhouse gases
  • Greenhouse gases
  • Human activities which contribute to an increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere
  • Global climate change
  • The carbon footprint and its reduction
  • Common atmospheric pollutants and their sources
  • Atmospheric pollutants from fuels
  • Properties and effects of atmospheric pollutants

 

Using resources

  • Using the Earth's resources and obtaining potable water
  • Using the Earth's resources and sustainable development
  • Potable water
  • Waste water treatment
  • Alternative methods of extracting metals (Higher Tier only)
  • Life cycle assessment
  • Ways of reducing the use of resources

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter
  • Retrieval quizzes throughout the term
  • Full examination - March 2022

 

 

Separate Sciences: Biology, Chemistry, Physics

 

The separate sciences are the perfect option choice for students who are looking at a future career in medicine, dentistry or veterinary. It is also an excellent choice for students who simply enjoy science and want to explore the separate disciplines in more detail.

Biology

  
Please look at the AQA specification for more information about the GCSE Biology course content

Year 10

Half Term 1

Half Term 2

Half Term 3

  • Cell biology
  • Cell Organisation
  •  Infection and response

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Cell structure
  • Eukaryotes and prokaryotes
  • Animal and plant cells
  • Cell specialisation
  • Cell differentiation
  • Microscopy
  • Culturing microorganisms
  • Cell division
  • Chromosomes
  • Mitosis and the cell cycle
  • Stem cells
  • Transport in cells
  • Diffusion
  • Osmosis
  • Active transport

 

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Principles of organisation
  • Animal tissues, organs and organ systems
  • The human digestive system
  • The heart and blood vessels
  • Blood
  • Coronary heart disease: a non-communicable disease
  • Health issues
  • The effect of lifestyle on some non-communicable diseases
  • Cancer
  • Plant tissues, organs and systems
  • Plant tissues
  • Plant organ system

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Communicable diseases
  • Communicable (infectious) diseases
  • Viral diseases
  • Bacterial diseases
  • Fungal diseases
  • Protist diseases
  • Human defence systems
  • Vaccination
  • Antibiotics and painkillers
  • Discovery and development of drugs
  • Monoclonal antibodies (Higher Tier only)
  • Producing monoclonal antibodies
  • Uses of monoclonal antibodies
  • Plant disease 
  • Detection and identification of plant diseases
  • Plant defence responses

 

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter
  • September: retrieval quiz 
  • Late September: end of unit test
  • Early October: end of unit test
  • Late October: end of unit test

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter 
  • Early November: retrieval quiz
  • Mid-November: end of unit test
  • Early December: end of unit test

Assessment:

  • Full examination in January 2022 - Students will be assessed on the topics studied during Term 1.
  • "Five a day" lesson starter

Half Term 4

Half Term 5

Half Term 6

  • Bioenergetics
  • Homeostasis and response
  • Inheritance, variation and evolution

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Photosynthetic reaction
  • Rate of photosynthesis
  • Uses of glucose from photosynthesis
  • Respiration
  • Aerobic and anaerobic respiration
  • Response to exercise
  • Metabolism

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Homeostasis
  • The human nervous system
  • The brain
  • The eye
  • Control of body temperature
  • Structure and function
  • Hormonal coordination in humans
  • Human endocrine system
  • Control of blood glucose concentration
  • Maintaining water and nitrogen balance in the body
  • Hormones in human reproduction
  • Contraception
  • The use of hormones to treat infertility
  • The use of hormones to treat infertility (Higher Tier only)
  • Negative feedback
  • Feedback systems (Higher Tier only)
  • Plant hormones
  • Control and coordination
  • Use of plant hormones

 

 

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Reproduction
  • Sexual and asexual reproduction
  • Meiosis
  • Advantages and disadvantages of sexual and asexual reproduction
  • DNA structure
  • DNA and the genome
  • Genetic inheritance
  • Inherited disorders
  • Sex determination
  • Variation
  • Evolution
  • Selective breeding
  • Genetic engineering
  • Cloning
  • Theory of evolution
  • Speciation
  • The understanding of genetics
  • The development of understanding of genetics and evolution
  • Evidence for evolution
  • Fossils
  • Extinction
  • Resistant bacteria
  • Classification of living organisms

 

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter
  • Retrieval quizzes throughout the term
  • End of unit tests when appropriate (timings to be confirmed)

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter 
  • Retrieval quizzes throughout the term
  • End of unit tests when appropriate (timings to be confirmed)

Assessment:

  • Full examination in June 2022 - Students will be assessed on the topics studied during the year.
  • "Five a day" lesson starter

Year 11

Half Term 1 Half Term 2 onwards

No new content will be taught at this point in the course. Instead, class teachers will adapt taught revision to respond to the individual needs of learners. Students will sit their GCSE examinations during this term.

  • Ecology

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Adaptations, interdependence and competition
  • Communities
  • Abiotic factors
  • Biotic factors
  • Adaptations
  • Organisation of an ecosystem
  • Levels of organisation
  • How materials are cycled
  • Decomposition
  • Impact of environmental change
  • Biodiversity and the effect of human interaction on ecosystems
  • Biodiversity
  • Waste management
  • Land use
  • Deforestation
  • Global warming
  • Maintaining biodiversity
  • Trophic levels in an ecosystem
  • Trophic levels
  • Pyramids of biomass
  • Transfer of biomass
  • Food production
  • Factors affecting food security
  • Farming techniques
  • Sustainable fisheries
  • Role of biotechnology

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter
  • Mid-September: retrieval quiz 
  • Late September: end of unit test
  • Late October: end of unit test

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter 
  • Early November: retrieval quiz
  • Mid-November: end of unit test
  • Early December: end of unit test
  • Late November/early December - full examination
  • Full examination - March 2022

 

Chemistry

Please look at the AQA specification for more information about the GCSE Chemistry course content

Year 10

Half Term 1

Half Term 2

Half Term 3

Atomic structure and the periodic table

Bonding, structure, and the properties of matter

Quantitative chemistry

Skills and Knowledge:

 

 

  • A simple model of the atom, symbols, relative atomic mass, electronic charge and isotopes
  • Atoms, elements and compounds
  • Mixtures
  • The development of the model of the atom 
  • Relative electrical charges of subatomic particles
  • Size and mass of atoms
  • Relative atomic mass
  • Electronic structure
  • The periodic table
  • Development of the periodic table
  • Metals and non-metals
  • Group 0, 1 and 7
  • Properties of transition metals
  • Comparison with Group 1 elements
  • Typical properties

 

 

Skills and Knowledge:

 

 

  • Chemical bonds
  • Ionic bonding
  • Ionic compounds
  • Covalent bonding
  • Metallic bonding
  • How bonding and structure are related to the properties of substances
  • The three states of matter
  • State symbols
  • Properties of ionic compounds
  • Properties of small molecules
  • Polymers
  • Giant covalent structures
  • Properties of metals and alloys
  • Metals as conductors
  • Structure and bonding of carbon
  • Diamond
  • Graphite
  • Graphene and fullerenes
  • Bulk and surface properties of matter including nanoparticles
  • Sizes of particles and their properties
  • Uses of nanoparticles

Skills and Knowledge:

  

  • Conservation of mass and balanced chemical equations
  • Relative formula mass
  • Mass changes when a reactant or product is a gas
  • Chemical measurements
  • Use of amount of substance in relation to masses of pure substances
  • Moles (Higher Tier only)
  • Amounts of substances in equations (Higher Tier only)
  • Using moles to balance equations (Higher Tier only)
  • Limiting reactants (Higher Tier only)
  • Concentration of solutions
  • Yield and atom economy of chemical reactions
  • Percentage yield
  • Atom economy
  • Using concentrations of solutions in mol/dm3 (Higher Tier only)
  • Use of amount of substance in relation to volumes of gases (Higher Tier only)

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter
  • September: retrieval quiz 
  • Late September: end of unit test
  • Early October: end of unit test
  • Late October: end of unit test

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter 
  • Early November: retrieval quiz
  • Mid-November: end of unit test
  • Early December: end of unit test

Assessment:

  • Full examination in January 2022 - Students will be assessed on the topics studied during Term 1.

Term 4

Half Term 5

Half Term 6

Chemical changes

Energy changes

The rate and extent of chemical change

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Reactivity of metals
  • Metal oxides
  • The reactivity series
  • Extraction of metals and reduction
  • Oxidation and reduction in terms of electrons (Higher Tier only)
  • Reactions of acids with metals
  • Neutralisation of acids and salt production
  • Soluble salts
  • The pH scale and neutralisation
  • Titrations
  • Strong and weak acids (Higher Tier only)
  • The process of electrolysis
  • Electrolysis of molten ionic compounds
  • Using electrolysis to extract metals
  • Electrolysis of aqueous solutions
  • Representation of reactions at electrodes as half equations (Higher Tier only)

 

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Exothermic and endothermic reactions
  • Energy transfer during exothermic and endothermic reactions
  • Reaction profiles
  • The energy change of reactions (Higher Tier only)
  • Chemical cells and fuel cells
  • Cells and batteries
  • Fuel cells

 

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Calculating rates of reactions

  • Factors which affect the rates of chemical reactions

  • Collision theory and activation energy

  • Catalysts

  • Reversible reactions

  • Energy changes and reversible reactions

  • Equilibrium

  • The effect of changing conditions on equilibrium (Higher Tier only)

  • The effect of changing concentration (Higher Tier only)

  • The effect of temperature changes on equilibrium (Higher Tier only)

  • The effect of pressure changes on equilibrium (Higher Tier only)

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter
  • Retrieval quizzes throughout the term
  • End of unit tests when appropriate (timings to be confirmed)

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter 
  • Retrieval quizzes throughout the term
  • End of unit tests when appropriate (timings to be confirmed)

Assessment:

  • Full examination in June 2022 - Students will be assessed on the topics studied during the year.
  • "Five a day" lesson starter

Year 11

Term 1

Half Term 2

Half Term 3

Organic chemistry

 Chemical analysis

Chemistry of the atmosphere

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Carbon compounds as fuels and feedstock
  • Crude oil, hydrocarbons and alkanes
  • Fractional distillation and petrochemicals
  • Properties of hydrocarbons
  • Cracking and alkenes
  • Reactions of alkenes and alcohols
  • Structure and formulae of alkenes
  • Reactions of alkenes
  • Alcohols
  • Carboxylic acids
  • Synthetic and naturally occurring polymers
  • Addition polymerisation
  • Condensation polymerisation (Higher Tier only)
  • Amino acids (Higher Tier only)
  • DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and other naturally occurring polymers

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Purity, formulations and chromatography
  • Pure substances
  • Formulations
  • Chromatography
  • Identification of common gases
  • Test for hydrogen
  • Test for oxygen
  • Test for carbon dioxide
  • Test for chlorine
  • Identification of ions by chemical and spectroscopic means
  • Metal hydroxides
  • Carbonates
  • Halides
  • Sulfates
  • Instrumental methods
  • Flame emission spectroscopy

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • The composition and evolution of the Earth's atmosphere
  • The proportions of different gases in the atmosphere
  • The Earth's early atmosphere
  • How oxygen increased
  • How carbon dioxide decreased
  • Carbon dioxide and methane as greenhouse gases
  • Greenhouse gases
  • Human activities which contribute to an increase in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere
  • Global climate change
  • The carbon footprint and its reduction
  • Common atmospheric pollutants and their sources
  • Atmospheric pollutants from fuels
  • Properties and effects of atmospheric pollutants

 

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter
  • Mid-September: retrieval quiz 
  • Late September: end of unit test
  • Late October: end of unit test

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter 
  • Early November: retrieval quiz
  • Mid-November: end of unit test
  • Early December: end of unit test
  • Late November/early December - full examination

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter
  • Retrieval quizzes throughout the term

 

Half Term 4

Half Term 5 and 6


No new content will be taught at this point in the course. Instead, class teachers will adapt taught revision to respond to the individual needs of learners. Students will sit their GCSE examinations during this term.


 

 

Using resources

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Using the Earth's resources and obtaining potable water
  • Using the Earth's resources and sustainable development
  • Potable water
  • Waste water treatment
  • Alternative methods of extracting metals (Higher Tier only)
  • Life cycle assessment
  • Ways of reducing the use of resources
  • Using materials
  • Corrosion and its prevention
  • Alloys as useful materials
  • Ceramics, polymers and composites
  • The Haber process and the use of NPK fertilisers
  • The Haber process
  • Production and uses of NPK fertilisers

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter
  • Retrieval quizzes throughout the term
  • Full examination - March 2022

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter 
  • Early November: retrieval quiz
  • Mid-November: end of unit test
  • Early December: end of unit test
  • Late November/early December - full examination
  • Full examination - March 2022

 

Physics 

 

Please look at the AQA specification for more information about the GCSE Physics course content

Year 10

Half Term 1

Half Term 2

Half Term 3

Energy

Electricity

Particle model of matter

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Energy stores and systems
  • Changes in energy
  • Energy changes in systems
  • Power
  • Conservation and dissipation of energy
  • Energy transfers in a system
  • Efficiency
  • National and global energy resources

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Current, potential difference and resistance
  • Standard circuit diagram symbols
  • Electrical charge and current
  • Current, resistance and potential difference
  • Resistors
  • Series and parallel circuits
  • Domestic uses and safety
  • Direct and alternating potential difference
  • Mains electricity
  • Energy transfers
  • Power
  • Energy transfers in everyday appliances
  • The National Grid
  • Static electricity
  • Static charge
  • Electric fields

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Changes of state and the particle model
  • Density of materials
  • Changes of state
  • Internal energy and energy transfers
  • Internal energy
  • Temperature changes in a system and specific heat capacity
  • Changes of state and specific latent heat
  • Particle model and pressure
  • Particle motion in gases
  • Pressure in gases
  • Increasing the pressure of a gas  (Higher Tier only)

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter
  • September: retrieval quiz 
  • Late September: end of unit test
  • Early October: end of unit test
  • Late October: end of unit test

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter 
  • Early November: retrieval quiz
  • Mid-November: end of unit test
  • Early December: end of unit test

Assessment:

  • Full examination in January 2022 - Students will be assessed on the topics studied during Term 1.
  • "Five a day" lesson starter

 

Half Term 4

Half Term 5

Half Term 6

Atomic structure

Forces

Forces (continued) and Waves

Skills and Knowledge:

  • Atoms and isotopes
  • The structure of an atom
  • Mass number, atomic number and isotopes
  • The development of the model of the atom
  • Atoms and nuclear radiation
  • Radioactive decay and nuclear radiation
  • Nuclear equations
  • Half-lives and the random nature of radioactive decay
  • Radioactive contamination
  • Hazards and uses of radioactive emissions and of background radiation
  • Background radiation
  • Different half-lives of radioactive isotopes
  • Uses of nuclear radiation
  • Nuclear fission and fusion
  • Nuclear fission
  • Nuclear fusion

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Forces and their interactions
  • Scalar and vector quantities
  • Contact and non-contact forces
  • Gravity
  • Resultant forces
  • Work done and energy transfer
  • Forces and elasticity
  • Moments, levers and gears
  • Pressure and pressure differences in fluids
  • Pressure in a fluid
  • Atmospheric pressure
  • Forces and motion
  • Describing motion along a line
  • Distance and displacement
  • Speed
  • Velocity
  • The distance–time relationship
  • Acceleration
  • Forces, accelerations and Newton's Laws of motion
  • Newton's First Law
  • Newton's Second Law
  • Newton's Third Law
  • Forces and braking
  • Stopping distance
  • Reaction time
  • Factors affecting braking distance 

Skills and Knowledge:

 

Forces (continued)

  • Momentum (Higher Tier only)
  • Momentum is a property of moving objects
  • Conservation of momentum
  • Changes in momentum

 

Waves

  • Waves in air, fluids and solids
  • Transverse and longitudinal wave
  • Properties of waves
  • Reflection of waves
  • Sound waves
  • Waves for detection and exploration
  • Electromagnetic waves
  • Types of electromagnetic waves
  • Properties of electromagnetic waves
  • Uses and applications of electromagnetic waves
  • Lenses
  • Visible light
  • Black body radiation
  • Emission and absorption of infrared radiation
  • Perfect black bodies and radiation

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter
  • Retrieval quizzes throughout the term
  • End of unit tests when appropriate (timings to be confirmed)

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter 
  • Retrieval quizzes throughout the term
  • End of unit tests when appropriate (timings to be confirmed)

Assessment:

  • Full examination in June 2022 - Students will be assessed on the topics studied during the year.
  • "Five a day" lesson starter

Year 11

Half Term 1

Half Term 2

Half Term 3 onwards

 

No new content will be taught at this point in the course. Instead, class teachers will adapt taught revision to respond to the individual needs of learners. Students will sit their GCSE examinations during this term.

Magnetism and electromagnetism

Space physics

Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Permanent and induced magnetism, magnetic forces and fields
  • Poles of a magnet
  • Magnetic fields
  • The motor effect
  • Electromagnetism
  • Fleming's left-hand rule (Higher Tier only)
  • Electric motors (Higher Tier only)
  • Loudspeakers (Higher Tier only)
  •  Induced potential, transformers and the National Grid (Higher Tier only)
  • Induced potential (Higher Tier only)
  • Uses of the generator effect (Higher Tier only)
  • Microphones (Higher Tier only)
  • Transformers (Higher Tier only)

 

 

 

 Skills and Knowledge:

 

  • Solar system; stability of orbital motions; satellites
  • Our solar system
  • The life cycle of a star
  • Orbital motion, natural and artificial satellites
  • Red-shift

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter
  • Mid-September: retrieval quiz 
  • Late September: end of unit test
  • Late October: end of unit test

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter 
  • Early November: retrieval quiz
  • Mid-November: end of unit test
  • Early December: end of unit test
  • Late November/early December - full examination

Assessment:

  • "Five a day" lesson starter
  • Retrieval quizzes throughout the term
  • Full examination - March 2022